Arabic Grammar: Hollow Verbs

Hollow verbs are where the middle radical is waw or yaa.

They're annoying. In some conjugations the middle radical is dropped, and sometimes the middle radical in the past tense is different in the present tense.

Unfortunately hollow verbs are very common! I avoided them because I thought they were complicated but they're not actually that bad. Here's a handy table:

  Extra tips:   - If the middle radical is dropped it can be replaced by a dhamma, kasra or fatha.    - Normally it's logical e.g. if the middle radical was a waw it gets replaces by a dhamma, if it was a yaa it gets replaced by a kasra, but not always, so watch out.    - Technically if you see a verb where the middle radical is an alif it's  reeeally  a waw or yaa, it's just that for boring grammatical reasons it has become an alif.    - You can either memorise the table or remember the rule:  when the suffix starts with a consonant then the middle radical gets dropped.

Extra tips:

- If the middle radical is dropped it can be replaced by a dhamma, kasra or fatha.
 

- Normally it's logical e.g. if the middle radical was a waw it gets replaces by a dhamma, if it was a yaa it gets replaced by a kasra, but not always, so watch out.
 

- Technically if you see a verb where the middle radical is an alif it's reeeally a waw or yaa, it's just that for boring grammatical reasons it has become an alif.
 

- You can either memorise the table or remember the rule: when the suffix starts with a consonant then the middle radical gets dropped.

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